Structure Anda Written expression 9

Problem 68 Much and Many : many noun (count–plural There are m

Problem 68 Much and Many :

many noun (count–plural)
There are many television programs for children on Saturday
much noun (noncount)
We don’t have much information

Incorrect: How much years have you been living in Texas?
Correct : How many years have you been living in Texas?

Incorrect: He always has much problems with his teeth.
Correct : He always has many problems with his teeth.

Incorrect: I think that there is too many violence on TV.
Correct : I think that there is too much violence on TV.

Problem 69 A Little and Little :

A Few and Few
a little
little noun (noncount)
We have a little time
We have little time
a few
few noun (count–plural)
We made a few mistakes
We made few mistakes

Incorrect: There are few tickets left for the concert.
Correct : There are a few tickets left for the concert.

Incorrect: A few people in my apartment building are friendly.
Correct : few people in my apartment building are friendly.(not many)

Problem 70 Only a Few and Only a Little :

only a few noun (count–plural)
Only a few dollars have been budgeted for supplies
Only a little noun (noncount)
We have only a little homework for Monday

Incorrect: We will need only a few food for the picnic.
Correct : We will need only a little food for the picnic.

Incorrect: Only few people were at the reception
Correct : only a few people were at the reception.

Problem 71 : A Large (Small) Number of and a large (Small) Amount of large :

A number of
small noun (count–plural)
A large number of students from other countries attend State University large
A amount of
small noun (noncount)
A small amount of rain is expected tomorrow

Incorrect: The lab has a large number of equipment.
Correct : The lab has a large amount of equipment.

Problem 72 Almost All of the and Most of the :

almost all (of the)
most all (of the) noun (count–plural) verb (plural)
Almost all (of the) trees in our yard are oaks
Most (of the) trees are oaks
almost all (of the)
most all (of the) noun (noncount) verb (singular)
Almost all (of the) art by R. C. Gorman is expensive
Most (of the) art by R. C. Gorman is expensive

incorrect: Most of the teachers at State University care about their students’ progress.
Correct : almost all of the teachers at State University care about their students’ progress.
Almost all teachers at State University care about their students’ progress.
Most of the teachers at State University care about their students’ progress.
Most teachers at State University care about their students’ progress.

Problem 73 Sufficiency – Enough with Nouns :

noun (count–plural)
noun (noncount)
We have enough tickets
We have enough time
noun (count–plural)
noun (noncount)
We have tickets enough
We have time enough
There aren’t carsenough for all of us to go.

Incorrect: Do we have hamburgers enough as for the party?
Correct : Do we have enough hamburgers for the party?
Do we have hamburgers enough for the party?

Incorrect: Virginia doesn’t have the enough information to make a decision.
Correct : Virginia doesn’t have enough information to make a decision.
Virginia doesn’t have information enough to make a decision.

Incorrect: I need to buy a lamp because I don’t have enough the light in my room.
Correct : I need to buy a lamp because I don’t have enough light in my room.
I need to buy a lamp because I don’t have light enough in my room.


Reading Comprehension 13

New Vocabulary :

  1. commonplace : biasa
  2. interconnected : saling berhubungan
  3. revealed : mengungkapkan
  4. awareness : kesadaran
  5. inventive : berdaya cipta
  6. congenially : cocok
  7. cooperatively : kerjasama
  8. incessantly : terus menerus
  9. encouragement : dorongan
  10. glider : pesawat peluncur
  11. gilders : menyepuh
  12. slightly : sedikit
  13. maneuvering : mengatur siasat
  14. efforts : usaha
  15. guiding : membimbing
  16. advantages : keuntungan
  17. precisely : tepat
  18. manned : diawaki
  19. proportion : ukuran
  20. combustion : pembakaran

The Ideas Of Each Paragraph :

  1. Reason for the success of the Wright brothers
  2. Distinguishing the Wright brothers from other engineers
  3. Progress of research Wright brothers
  4. Risks of research Wright brothers

Answer The Question :

  1. A. The reasons why the Wright brothers succeeded in manned flight.
  2. B.  Mentioned
  3. C.  Constantly
  4. B.  They were gilder pilots.
  5. C.  Because they were important in the refinement of the wings for their airplane
  6. C.  Engine
  7. A. Destined to fail
  8. D. They did not have enough power to lift their own weight.
  9. D. They were well funded.

Summary Of The Passage :

In spite of these advantages, however, the Wright brothers might not have succeeded had they not been born at precisely the opportune moment in history.


Reading Comprehension 14


1. Overseeing : Mengawasi

2. Councils : Dewan

3. Required : Diwajibkan

4. Law : Hukum

5. Institutions : Lembaga

6. Loans : Pinjaman

7. Member : Anggota

8. Primarily : Terutama

9. monetary : moneter


10. Control : Mengontrol

11. Availability : Ketersediaan

12. Unemployment : Pengangguran

13. Augmented : Ditambah

14. Decline : Penurunan

15. Responsibilities : Tanggung Jawab

16. Puts : Menempatkan

17. Issuing : Mengeluarkan

18. Supervises : Mengawasi

19. Abroad : Luar negeri

19. Regulates : Mengatur

20. Branch : Cabang


The main idea in each paragraph!

  1. The origin of the Federal Reserve System
  2. Function of the Federal Reserve System
  3. The task of the Fed
  4. Explanation of the Federal Reserve


1. B. The Federal Reserve System

2. A. Supervising

3. D. Approved

4. B. Unemployment slows down.

5. B. Bonds

6. C. Interest rates go up

7. B. Too much money in the economy

8. C. The Fed tends to follow the policies of the executive branch of the government.

9. D. The Federal Reserve receives its yearly budget from Congress.


The Federal Reserve System, as an independent agency of the US government, which oversees national banks. This system primarily serves to control monetary policy by affecting the cost and availability of money and credit through the purchase and sale of securities pemerintah.Meminjamkan to banks only if they appear strong enough to repay the loan. It holds deposits or reserve them for law-preserved; it makes the loan; and creating its own credit in the form of deposits made, or additional legal reserves, or bank notes, called Federal Reserve notes. Lend to banks only if they appear strong enough to repay the loan. It also has a responsibility to promote economic stability, as far as it is possible, by controlling credit.



Reading Comprehension 12


1. Techniques : teknik

2. Magical : Ajaib

3. Predecessor : Pendahulu

4. Derived : Berasal

5. Educated : Berpendidikan

6. Believed : Diyakini

7. Authentic : Otentik

8. Treatises : Risalah

9. Maintained : Menyatakan

10. Inferior : Rendah

11. Removed : dihapus

12. Imprefection : Ketidaksempurnaan

13. Asserted : menegaskan

14. Transmuted : Ditransmutasikan

15. Blending : Memadukan

16. Artisans : Pengrajin

17. Keeping : Menjaga

18. Cryptic : Samar

19. Record : Merekam

20.  Compared : Dibandingkan

The main idea in each paragraph!

1. about the basic premise of alchemy

2. Early describes authentic works on European alchemy

3. about the early alchemists used the sun and moon terns to keep secret work, which in the difference between the base metals and gold.

4. explain about them to get a broad knowledge of chemicals because, alchemist laboratory failed to produce gold from other materials.


1. D. Alchemy was the predecessor of modern chemistry.

2. B. Genuine

3. A. Perfection

4. C. Another name for alchemy

5. B. Secret

6. A. To keep the work secret

7. C. Artisans

8. B. The literary alchemists recorded it in writing

9. Some very important scientific discoveries were made by alchemists.


Alchemy is the knowledge of transmuting energy, consciousness and matter and teaches us that Energy, Consciousness and Matter can be transmuted through the knowledge of how these interrelate and transmute one another. And in many ancient cultures, the main areas of interest that the alchemists were involved in was medicine. The essence of medicine is transformation, and the alchemists transformed deadly poisons or otherwise inert organic substances into valuable medicines capable of bringing about beneficial healing transformations in the organism.


Reading Comprehension 11


1. Architecture : Arsitektur

2. Faithful : Setia

3. Dedicated : Didedikasikan

4. Promulgation : Diundangkan

5. Rejects : Menolak

6. Outright : Langsung

7. Rules : Aturan

8. Inseparably : Tak terpisahkan

9. Constructed : dibangun

10. Retain : Mempertahankan

11. Respect : Menghormati

12. Utilization : Pemanfaatan

13. Upheld : Ditegakkan

14. Balance : Keseimbangan

15. Views : Memandang

16. Innate : Bawaan

17. Truth : Kebenaran

18. Find : Menemukan

19. Obscured : Dikaburkan

20. Incorporates : Menggabungkan

The main idea in each paragraph!

  1. The explanation of organic architecture
  2. The explanation of natural principles
  3. Differences of organic architecture


1. A. Ntural architecture

2. B. Eventually

3. C. Promoted

4. A. a bank that is built to look like a Greek temple

5. B. To give an example of natural principles

6. A. Difficult to see

7. D. . Form and function are one

8. C. Nature should be respected.



of organic architecture in the form of a principled nature and inseparable funsinya two aspects of the same phenomenon. Organic architecture not only addresses environmental concerns but also expresses individuality. As each building is related to the variables like man, site & time so every resulting structure is unique & unrepeatable.


Reading Comprehension 10


1. Building : membangun

2. Mud : lumpur

3. Wattle : gelambir

4. Daub : Memulaskan

5. Plants : tanaman

6. Includes : mencakup

7. Valued : Dinilai

8. Dark : gelap

9. Prized : berharga

10. Used : digunakan

11. Cure : menyembuhkan

12. Nearly : hampir

13. Proven : terbukti

14. Spreading :  menyebar

15. Arranged : diatur

16. Showy : mencolok

17. Sharp : tajam

18. Unobtrusive : tidak menggangu

19. Attributed : dikaitkan

20. Reversed : dibalik


The main idea in each paragraph!

1. Describes the characteristics of the genus acacia leaves that come from australia.

2. Describes acacia species that have been analyzed, identified, categorized dam that will survive in the hot part.

3. About the quality of its growth cycle of light on the acacia.


1. B.  Characteristic and varieties of the acacia

2. C.  Twelve

3. A. Grow well

4. B.  Varieties

5. C.  Is taller than the bailey acacia

6. D. Short

7. B.  Elaborate

8. D. Black acacia

9. B.  A table

10. C.  August


So acacia, a genus of trees and shurbs of the mimosa family originating from australia, australia and called wattle. The structure of daub and wattle his plants. That is nearly five hundred species of acacia species categorized survive, it’s growth well, has not distrub flowers, can produce edible, Other Acacia varieties are valued for the sticky resin, called gum Arabic or perfumes, for the dark dense wood prized for making pianos, or for the bark, rich in tannin, a dark, acidic substance used to cure the hides of animals, transforming them into leather. and has many uses.


Reading Comprehension 9


1. Rainfall : hujan

2. Snow : salju

3. Precipitation : Curah hujan

4. According : Menurut

5. Computing : menghitung

6. Recorded : dicatat

7. Receives : menerima

8. Combined : gabungan

9. Altitude : Ketinggian

10. Brought : dibawa

11. Prevailing : yang berlaku

12. Generally : umumnya

13. Influence : mempengaruhi

14. Move : Bergerak

15. Ocean : Laut

16. Over land : atas tanah

17. Rise : Bangkit

18. The Mountains : Pegunungan

19. Held : diadakan

20. Asceding : Menaik

The main idea of each paragraph!

1. Describes the annual rainfall in every inch that exist throughout the United States such as hail (snow).

2. Describes a combination of several factors that affect the amount of rainfall in each area / location in the United States.


1. A. Precipitation

2. C.  Rainfall

3. B.  Rain, hail, and snow

4. A. Thirty-six inches

5. B.  By four inches

6. C.  Nearness to

7. D. The Pacific Coast

8. C.  The sea

9. A. Fundamentally

10. B.  Precipitation


Precipitation is any type of water that forms in the Earth’s atmosphere and then drops onto the surface of the Earth. Water vapor, droplets of water suspended in the air, builds up in the Earth’s atmosphere. Water vapor in the atmosphere is visible as clouds and fog. Water vapor collects with other materials, such as dust, in clouds. Precipitation condenses, or forms, around these tiny pieces of material, called cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Clouds eventually get too full of water vapor, and the precipitation turns into a liquid (rain) or a solid (snow).


Reading Comprehension 8


1.Creature : Makhluk

2. Consists : terdiri

3. Motility : motilitas

4. Tail : ekor

5. Propel : mendorong

6. Include : memasukkan

7. Float : mengapung

8. Row : baris

9. Addition : Tambahan

10. Features : Fitur

11. Discriminate : Membedakan

12. At least : Setidaknya

13. Demonstrates : menunjukkan

14. higher : yang lebih tinggi

15. collect : mengumpulkan

16. Responding : menanggapi

17. stimulate : merangsang

18. phenomenon : fenomena

19. advanced : canggih

20. cells : sel-sel


Ide pokok!

1. Definition of protozoa and their spesification

2. Protozoa is a kind of animals not plant

3.  Many species of protozoans collect into colonies,  almost 40,000 species of protozoans have been identified


1. D. Characteristic of protozoa

2. D. Very small

3. B. The substance that forms the cell of a protozoan

4.C.  The manner of movement is critical when classifying the three major groups of protozoan.

5. C.  Sarcodina

6. C.  It regulates growth.

7. A. They do not live on simple organic compounds.

8. A. Protozoans

9. C.  They have a large cell and a smaller cell.


Protozoa are the oldest known group of heterotrophic life that consume and transform complex food particles into energy. Although protozoans are only made up of a single cell, these organisms manage to perform all the basic tasks of life.  The protozoa are divided into four major groups: the ciliates, the flagellates, the heliozoans, and the amoebas.



Structure and Written Expressions 8

Problem 63

  1. Painters of the early twentieth century who were known primarily for they colorful landscapes, the Group of Seven changed is name to the Canadian Group of Painters in 1993.

*KEY : They is incorrect, the correct is their

  1. The gray scale, a progressive series of shades ranging from black to white, is used in computer graphics —- detail to graphical images.
    (A) added
    (B) to add
    (C) are added
    (D) and add

*KEY : B (to add)

Problem 64

  1. The cork oak tree has a layer of cork several inches thickness that can be stripped every ten years.

*KEY : Thickness is incorrect, the correct is thick

  1. …. skeleton of an insect is on the outside of its body.
    (A) Its
    (B) That the
    (C) There is a
    (D) The

*KEY : D (the)

Problem 65

  1. For a seagoing, cargo-carrying sailing vessels, the clipper ship was remarkably fast.

*KEY : Vessels is incorrect, the correct is vessel

  1. By —- excluding competition from an industry, governments have often created public service monopolies.
    (A) they adopt laws
    (B) laws are adopted
    (C) adopting laws
    (D) having laws adopt

*KEY : C (adopting laws)

Problem 66

  1. Diamond is the hardest known substance, so diamonds can be cut only by another.

*KEY : Another is incorrect, the correct is other

  1. Cholesterol is present in large quantities in the nervous system, where —- compound of myelin.
    (A) it a
    (B) a
    (C) being a
    (D) it is a

*KEY : D (it is a)

Problem 67

  1. Alaska became the forty-ninth state in 1959, and Hawaii became the fiftieth state lately that year.

*KEY : Lately is incorrect, the correct is later

  1. To break thick ice, an icebreaker boat moves fast enough to ride up on the ice, —- under its weight.
    (A) so then breaks
    (B) when breaks it
    (C) which then breaks
    (D) for which then breaks

*KEY : C (which then breaks)