Reading Komprehension 11, 12, 13, dan 14

Lesson 11

1. Which of the following is the main topic of the passage?

A. The traditional American family

B. The nuclear family

C,  The current American family

D.  The ideal family

 

2. The word current in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by which of the following?

A. typical       C.  perfect

B. present         D.  traditional

 

3. The word none in paragraph 2 refers to

A. parents    C.  couples

B. children       D.  families

 

4. How many single people were identified in the survey?

A.  One third of the total surveyed

B.  One fourth of the total surveyed

C.  One fifth of the total surveyed

D.  Less than one tenth of the total surveyed

 

5. Who generally constitutes a one-person household?

A.  A single man in his twenties

B.  An elderly man

C.  A single woman in her late sixties

D.  A divorced woman

 

6.  The word undervalues in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to?

A.  does not appreciate        C.  does not include

B.   does not know about           D.  does not understand

 

7. The passage discusses all of the following reasons for an increase in single-parent households EXCEPT?

A. a rising divorce rate

B.  death of one of the parents

C.  increased interest in parenting by fathers

D.  babies born to single women

 

8.  With which of the following statements would the author most probably agree?

A.  There have always been a wide variety of family arrangements in the United States

B.  Racial, ethnic, and religious groups have preserved the traditional family structure

C.  The ideal American family is the best structure

D.  Fewer married couples are having children

 

LESSON 12

1. Which of the following is the author’s main point?

A. Noise may pose a serious threat to our physical and psychological health

B. Loud noises signal danger

C. Hearing loss is America’s number one nonfatal health problem

D. The ear is not like the eye

 

2. According to the passage, what is noise?

A.  Unwanted sound

B.  A byproduct of technology

C.  Physical and psychological harm

D.  Congestion

 

3.  Why is noise difficult to measure?

A.  It causes hearing loss

B.  All people do not respond to it in the same way

C.  It is unwanted

D.  People become accustomed to it

 

4.  The word congested in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by?

A. hazardous        C.  crowded

B. polluted            D.  rushed

 

5. According to the passage, people respond to loud noise in the same way that they respond to

A.  annoyance      C.  damage

B.  danger               D.  disease

6.  The phrase as well in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

A.  after all     C.  instead

B.  also              D.  regardless

 

7.  It can be inferred from this passage that the eye?

A.  responds to fear

B.  enjoys greater protection than the ear  

C.  increases functions

D.  is damaged by noise

 

8.  With which of the following statements would the author most probably agree?

A.  Noise is not a serious problem today

B.  Noise is America’s number one problem

C.  Noise is an unavoidable problem in an industrial society

D.  Noise is a complex problem

 

LESSON 13

 

1.  Which of the following is the main topic of the passage?

A.  Earthquakes

B.  The Richter scale

C.  Charles F. Richter

D.  Seismography

 

2.  According to information in the passage, what does the Richter scale record?

A.  The distance from the epicenter

B.  The amplitude of the largest trace

C.  The degree of damage

D.  The location of the epicenter

 

3.  The word standard in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by?

A.  reliable

B.  complex

C.  conventional

D.  abandoned

 

4.  What is the value of the tables?

A.  They allow us to interpret the magnitude of earthquakes

B.  They help us to calculate our distance from earthquakes

C.  They record all earthquakes

D.  They release the energy of earthquakes

 

5.  How does each number on the Richter scale compare?

A.  Each number is one hundred times as strong as the previous number

B.  Each magnitude is ten times stronger than the previous magnitude

C.  The strength of each magnitude is one less than the previous magnitude

D.  The scale decreases by five or six for each number

 

6.  What does the author means by the statement :

Because the effects of such shaking dissipate with distance from the epicenter of the earthquake, the Mercalli rating depends on the site of the measurement?

A.   The Mercalli rating will vary depending on the location of the measurement

B.  The results of the Mercalli rating are less accurate at greater distances from the epicenter

C.  The stronger shaking of the earthquake at the center is not detected by the Mercalli rating

D.  The Mercalli rating is useful because it is taken farther away from the center of the Earthquake

 

7.  The word undetected in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to?

A.  with no damage

B.  with no notice

C.  with no name

D.  with no problem

 

8.  With which of the following statements would the author most probably agree?

A.  Only the Richter scale describes earthquakes in quantitative terms

B.  Both the Richter scale and the Mercalli Scale measure earthquakes in the same way

C.  Most earthquakes are measurable on either the Richter or the Mercalli scale

D.  The Mercalli and the Richter scales are different but they can be compared

 

9.  The passage discusses all of the following in the explanation of the Richter scale EXCEPT?

A.  It was introduced in 1935

B.  It was developed by an American seismologist

C.  It has a scale of 1 to 12

D.  It measures the magnitude of earthquakes

 

LESSON 14

1. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A.  Metropolitan Statistical Areas

B.  Types of Population Centers

C. The Bureau of the Census

D.  Megapolises

 

2.  According to the passage, where do most Americans live?

A.  In the center of cities

B.  In the suburbs surrounding large cities

C.  In rural areas

D.  In small towns

 

3.  According to the Bureau of the Census, what is an urban area?

A.  An area with 2500 people or more

B.  An area with at least 50,000 people

C.  The eighteen largest cities

D.  A chain of adjacent cities

 

4.  Which of the following are NOT considered important in defining an urban area?

A.  Political boundaries        C. Social relationships

B.  Transportation networks      D. Economic systems

 

5.  The word integrate in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to?

A.  benefit    C. unite

B. define       D. restrict

 

6.  The word its in paragraph 2 refers to?

A.  the MSA’s      C. the city’s

B.  the area’s     D. the population’s

 

7.  The word adjacent in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to?

A.  beside each other   C. the same size

B.  growing very fast         D. densely populated

 

8.  According to the passage, what is a megapolis?

A.  One of the ten largest cities in the United States

B.  One of the eighteen largest cities in the United states

C.  One of the one hundred cities between Boston and Washington

D.  Any number of continuous adjacent cities and suburbs

 

9.  Why does the author mention the Eastern Corridor and the California coast in paragraph 3?

A.  As examples of megapolises

B.  Because 75 percent of the population lives there

C.  To conclude the passage

D.  The Bureau of the Census is located there